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Simon And Garfunkel


Over the course of their career, Simon & Garfunkel's music gradually moved from a very basic, folk rock sound to incorporate more experimental elements for the time, including Latin and gospel music. They are considered the most popular folk rock act from the 1960s, and one of the most popular artists from the decade in general. Their music made a "deep impression" on the baby boomer generation, and they are considered alongside artists such as Bob Dylan and the Beatles to be representative of the era's cultural movements. Many adolescents of the period found their music relevant, while adults regarded them as intelligent. Their music, according to Rolling Stone, struck a chord among lonely, adrift young adults near the end of the 1960s.

Despite their popularity, the group were not without criticism, especially in their heyday. Upon their arrival on the popular music scene, many considered them a manufactured imitation of folk. Their rather clean sound and muted lyricism made them unpopular among hippies in some circles. Richie Unterberger of AllMusic writes that the duo "inhabited the more polished end of the folk-rock spectrum and was sometimes criticized for a certain collegiate sterility." Many critics would later regard Simon's lyricism in his work with Simon & Garfunkel to pale in comparison to his later solo material. In their later years, they became famous for their rocky relationship, which included "breaking up and making up about every dozen years."

Simon & Garfunkel were an American folk rock duo consisting of guitarist/singer-songwriter Paul Simon and singer Art Garfunkel. The duo first met as children in Kew Gardens Hills, Queens, New York in 1953, where they first learned to harmonize with one another and began writing original material. By 1957, the teenagers had their first minor success with "Hey Schoolgirl", a song imitating their idols the Everly Brothers. Afterwards, the duo went their separate ways, with Simon pursuing unsuccessful solo records and both attending college. In 1963, with a greater interest in folk music, they regrouped and were signed to Columbia Records. Their debut, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., sold poorly, and they once again disbanded, with Simon moving to England to again perform solo.

A remix of their song "The Sound of Silence" gained airplay on U.S. radio in 1965, hitting number one on the Billboard Hot 100. Simon & Garfunkel reunited, releasing their second studio album Sounds of Silence and touring colleges nationwide. Their third release, Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme (1966), found the duo assuming more creative control. Their music was featured in the 1967 film The Graduate, propelling the duo to further exposure. Bookends (1968), their next album, benefited from this promotion, and increased their profile. Their often rocky relationship led to artistic disagreements, resulting in their 1970 breakup. Their final studio record, Bridge Over Troubled Water, was subsequently their most successful, becoming one of the world's best-selling albums.

Simon & Garfunkel were one of the most popular artists of the 1960s, and were viewed as counterculture icons of the decade's social revolution, alongside artists such as the Beatles and Bob Dylan. Their biggest hits—including "I Am a Rock" (1965), "Homeward Bound" (1965), "Scarborough Fair/Canticle" (1966), "A Hazy Shade of Winter" (1966), "Mrs. Robinson" (1968), "Bridge over Troubled Water" (1969), "The Boxer" (1969), and "Cecilia" (1969)—reached number one on several charts worldwide. They have reunited several times since their split, most famously for 1981's "The Concert in Central Park", which attracted more than 500,000 people, making it one of the most attended concerts ever.

Simon and Garfunkel's song Bridge Over Troubled Water is ranked #30 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of Rock & Roll.

 

50s, 60s Hits

Sounds Of Silence

Members of this Group


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